Herbs on the cross——Verbena officinalis L.

Views: 45     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2023-12-19      Origin: Site

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Verbena officinalis L.


Verbena is the dry overground part of Verbena officinalis L.



It is said that Verbena was initially discovered under the cross of Jesus' suffering, and after Jesus' suffering, it was revived by using Verbena to stop bleeding. Therefore, Verbena is considered to be the "Nemesis of the devil", which can cure serious injuries and exorcise evil spirits. That's why "the herb on the cross" is one of its many nicknames.

Main effect

Verbena officinalis L.


The chemical constituents of Verbena officinalis are mainly flavonoids, iridoids, phenylethanol glycosides, triterpenoids, diterpenoid phenols, sterols, volatile oils, etc., among which iridoids are the characteristic constituents of Verbena officinalis.




Verbena officinalis can alleviate exercise-induced muscle injury by reducing the oxidative damage caused by free radicals and lipid peroxidation.


Anti inflammatory, analgesic

The anti-inflammatory effect of Verbena officinalis alcohol extract may be related to the inhibition of the synthesis and release of histamine and serotonin; Verbena officinalis total glycosides can significantly inhibit acetic acid-induced writhing reaction in mice and improve the pain threshold of mice to thermal stimuli, indicating that Verbena officinalis total glycosides have inhibitory effects on acute sharp pain and chronic dull pain.


Anti early pregnancy

Verbena officinalis extract can directly damage trophoblast cells in a dose-dependent manner, inhibit the synthesis and secretion of hCG, inhibit trophoblast succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), and terminate early pregnancy.


Promote sleep

Verbena officinalis water extract can induce rats to enter non rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep in the dark period.


Liver protection

Verbenoside at 20μg/mL The inhibitory rate of verbenoside on HCV infection was 21.9% at g/ml. The anti HCV activity of iridoid glycosides confirmed that verbenoside had the effect of anti hepatitis or liver cirrhosis.


Antitussive and asthma suppression

Verbenoside can inhibit airway inflammation and airway remodeling in asthmatic rats, reduce the number of white blood cells, alleviate the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the alveolar interstitium, and increase the bronchial lumen space. Studies have confirmed that verbenoside may act through Wnt/ β- The catenin pathway exerts an inhibitory effect on asthma.


Protective effect of myocardial and cerebral ischemia injury

Verbenoside can improve cerebral microcirculation and energy metabolism, inhibit the expression of apoptotic genes, promote the expression of anti apoptotic genes, protect brain tissue and neurons, and reduce cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Verbenoside can induce the proliferation, migration and tube formation of brain endothelial cells in vitro. The mechanism may be through activating pi3k/akt signaling pathway to upregulate endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), thereby increasing the extracellular level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and promoting the generation of brain vascular endothelial cells.

 Application                                                                                                                                                                        Verbena officinalis L .03


Verbena officinalis can be used in many forms, such as tablets, drops, capsules, sprays, etc., showing its rich benefits of reducing inflammation, improving sleep and protecting the heart and liver; In the field of daily chemical products, the addition of essential oils, hand creams, shower gels and other products has a variety of benefits for skin conditioning, purification, brightening and detumescence, and is often used as a special aroma added to products.


Verbena is not recommended for pregnant women because it is a known uterine stimulant. Anyone who is pregnant or has any continuous health problems should take Verbena under the guidance of a professional. Verbena officinalis has no literature data to explain its interaction or adverse side effects, so it is not recommended to take large doses. Always consult a professional before combining any medicine with Verbena.

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